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USA Undergraduate/Graduate Bulletin 2007-2008

 

BIOLOGY (BLY)
 
Pre-requisites for all courses may be waived with permission of the instructor.
 
BLY 101* Life Science I 3 cr
The first of a two-semester sequence designed for the non-major. The basic principles of biological phenomena are emphasized by examples relating to the human. Cell structure and function, energy, and organ systems are studied. Core Course.
 
BLY 101L Life Science I Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 101. BLY 101 must be taken concurrently or as a Pre-requisite. Together, BLY 101 and BLY 101L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
BLY 102* Life Science II 3 cr
A continuation of BLY 101. Organ systems, cell reproduction, plant and animal development, heredity, evolution, and ecology are studied. Pre-requisite: BLY 101. Core Course.
 
BLY 102L Life Science II Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 102. BLY 102 must be taken concurrently or as a Pre-requisite. Together, BLY 102 and BLY 102L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
BLY 121 General Biology I 3 cr
A study of molecular composition of cells, cell structure, metabolism, genetics, microevolution, Monera, Protista, and Fungi. Students with an ACT composite score of less than 21 should first successfully complete BLY 101 or CH 100 or CH 131 before enrolling in BLY 121. BLY 101 credit may be applied as elective credit toward a degree but cannot be included in the 28 hours required for a biology major. Core Course.
 
BLY 121L General Biology I Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 121. BLY 121 must be taken concurrently or as a Pre-requisite. Together, BLY 121 and BLY 121L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
BLY 122 General Biology II 3 cr
A study of plants, major invertebrate phyla, vertebrate morphology, plant and animal physiology, animal behavior, macroevolution, and ecology. Pre-requisite: BLY 121. Core Course.
 
BLY 122L General Biology II Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 122. BLY 122 must be taken concurrently or as a Pre-requisite. Together, BLY 122 and BLY 122L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
NOTE: A "C" or better in BLY 121 and BLY 122, or the equivalents, are Pre-requisites to all courses numbered 300 or above except by permission of the Chair of the Department of the Biological Sciences. A year of college chemistry, or advanced high school preparation in biology and chemistry is highly recommended for these two introductory courses.
 

Credit will not be allowed for both the non-major sequence (BLY 101, BLY 101L and BLY 102, BLY 102L) and the major/minor sequence (BLY 121, BLY 121L, BLY 122, BLY 122L.)

 
BLY 134 Ocean Science 3 cr
An introduction to physical, chemical, and biological oceanography. Pre-requisite: BLY 101 (usually taught in the spring semester).
 
BLY 134L Ocean Science Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory experiences associated with BLY 134. Pre-requisite: BLY 134 or concurrent enrollment. Fee.
 
BLY 205 Introduction to Environmental Science 3 cr
Environmental science, including the fundamentals required to understand how ecosystems work, how environmental modifications affect ecosystems and living things, and how living things affect their environment. Topics to be emphasized include the effects of pollution, habitat modification, and other environmental changes, on ecosystems, plants, wildlife, man, outdoor recreation, and the future. Public health and medical effects will also be considered. Many topics covered are of special significance to this region: wetlands, the effects of dredging and filling, artificial lake construction, development, agricultural and forestry practices on ecosystems, plants, and animals. Pre-requisite: college biology, or permission of instructor.
 
BLY 207* Biology of Aging 3 cr
A descriptive review of processes of aging. Emphasis is placed on studying structural and functional changes that could occur with increase in chronological age. Pre-requisite: BLY 101, equivalent course, or permission of instructor (usually taught in the fall, spring, and summer semesters).
 
BLY 213* Microbiology 3 cr
A survey of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses with emphasis on host-microbe interactions, immune responses, and control mechanisms. Pre-requisite: BLY 101.
 
BLY 214* Laboratory Studies in Microbiology 1 cr
A series of laboratory experiments designed to provide practical experiments in basic microbial techniques. Pre-requisite: BLY 213 or concurrent enrollment. Fee.
 
BLY 215* Human Genetics 3 cr
For students who desire knowledge of human genetics either to further their career goals or to enhance their liberal-arts education. Pre-requisite: BLY 101 or permission of chair.
 
NOTE: A "C" or better is required in BLY 301, BLY 302, and BLY 303 before any other BLY 300-400 level classes can be taken.
 
BLY 301 Cell Biology 3 cr
A course designed to integrate cell structure and function: the study of the ultrastructure, organization, physiology, genetics, and other functions of the cell. Pre-requisites: CH 131. Core Course.
     
BLY 302 Genetics 3 cr
An introduction to both classical and modern genetic concepts and theory, with an emphasis on problem-solving. Topics covered include Mendelian genetics, molecular genetics, and evolutionary genetics. Pre-requisite: CH 131. Core Course.
     
BLY 303 Ecology and Evolution 3 cr
Introduction to the fundamental concepts of ecology and evolution, with emphasis on their status as interrelated, central organizing principles of biology. Major topics will include community structure, biotic and abiotic interactions, mechanisms of evolution, adaption, and phylogenetics. Theoretical and practical issues will be addressed. Core Course.
     
BLY 314 Molecular Microbiology (W) 4 cr
Study of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms and their relationship to their environment. Molecular, genetic, and biochemical aspects of each will be emphasized.
 
BLY 332 Biology of Algae 4 cr
A survey of non-vascular plants; algae, fungi, liverworts, and mosses, with emphasis on morphology and taxonomy.
 
BLY 342 Experimental Cell Biology (W) 2 cr
Laboratory experience with instrumentation and techniques utilized in modern cell biology research including organellar isolation, protein analysis, and microscopic techniques.
 
BLY 352 Biology of Terrestrial Vertebrates (W) 4 cr
Evolution, characteristics, classification, life history, ecology, and behavior of amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Laboratory and field work emphasize local species. Usually taught in alternate spring semester.
 
BLY 354 General Entomology 4 cr
Classification and habits of insects, including collection, preservation, and identification of those occurring in South Alabama. Taught in the fall semester.
 
BLY 360 The Invertebrates 4 cr
Detailed study of the invertebrate phyla: taxonomy, ecology, and phylogenetic relationship. Terrestrial, freshwater, and marine forms are studied.
 
BLY 363 Vertebrate Embryology 4 cr
Avian and amphibian histogenesis and organogenesis from fertilization to time of histological maturity.
 
BLY 365 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 5 cr
Anatomy and evolution of the organ systems of the major vertebrate groups. Laboratory includes dissections of dogfish sharks and cats. Usually taught in the fall semester.
 
BLY 367** Marine Biology 4 cr
Local marine environments and the classification, morphology, and ecology of the locally occurring flora and fauna. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 368** Dolphins And Whales 2 cr
Classification, anatomy, and ecology of cetaceans and manatees. Usually taught in summer semester.
 
BLY 369 Biology and Conservation of Marine Turtles 2 cr
Topics to be covered include the identification, distribution, nesting behavior, migratory behavior, feeding ecology, population biology, genetics, developmental habitats, temperature-dependent sex determination, paleontology, and conservation of marine turtles. The course will culminate with a multi-day field trip to sea turtle nesting beaches, foraging grounds, and sea turtle research/rehabilitation facilities in the southeastern U.S. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 370** Marine Aquaculture 2 cr
Techniques and issues involved with the commercial culture of marine organisms including nutrition, reproductive biology, production, water quality, processing, marketing, and economics. Usually taught in summer semester.
 
BLY 371 Shark and Ray Biology 2 cr
Special emphasis will be placed upon regional and local shark identification and field techniques such as longline and gillnet sampling. Lecture topics will include chondrichthyan origin, systematics, sensory biology, locomotion, food consumption, osmoregulation, reproductive biology, life history, ecology, fisheries and conservation. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 372 Coastal Birds of Alabama 2 cr
This is a field-based course with emphasis on nesting sites, nesting behavior, identification, population dynamics, behavior, functional ecology, migration, mechanics of flight, and breeding biology of birds typically found in Alabama's coastal regions. Usually taught every other summer semester.
     
BLY 425 Chemical Ecology (W) 3 cr
This class focuses on chemically mediated interactions between, among, and within organisms in both the aquatic and terrestrial environments. The topics covered include: chemoreception, chemical defense, chemical attraction, and the impact of chemical ecology on humans. This course includes a writing component. Students will gain experience in critical analysis, research development, grant writing and computer based presentation.
 
BLY 426 Freshwater Ecology 3 cr
This course examines four aspects of freshwater ecology; physical and chemical properties of water, biotic communities, links among freshwater systems, and human influence on freshwater ecosystems. Students will be required to submit a collection of local freshwater invertebrates. Taught every second fall semester.
 
BLY 430** Marine Botany 4 cr
A general survey of marine algae and vascular and non-vascular plants associated with the marine environment. Distribution, identification, structure, ecology, and reproduction will be considered. Course offered only through Marine Environmental Science Consortium. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 431 Plant Physiology (W) 4 cr
A critical study of higher plant function. This course includes a study of water relations, plant biochemistry, and plant development. U(usually taught in the spring semester. Fee. Pre-requisite: CH 132.
 
BLY 433 Evolution of Vascular Plants 4 cr
A survey of the systematics, taxonomy, and structure of the major groups of vascular plants. Fossil plants (paleobotany) will also be covered where relevant. Many labs are outdoors and focus on plant structure and identification utilizing the rich local flora.
 
BLY 435 Biology of Fungi 4 cr
Identification and morphology of fungi with some emphasis on their relation to human affairs. Collection required. Usually taught in the spring semester.
 
BLY 436 Animal Physiology (W) 4 cr
This class will take a comparative approach to animal physiology. Comparisons of structural and functional relationships in the body systems of invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans, will be made. A basic foundation in chemistry and cell biology is required for this course. This course incorporates writing and computer components. Students will gain experience in critical analysis, research development and analysis, word processing, computer based statistical and graphical analysis, and in computer based presentation programs. Usually taught in the spring semester. Fee.
 
BLY 440 Biochemistry I 3 cr
Principles of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and nucleotide chemistry; membrane phenomena; enzyme kinetics and bioenergetics. Pre-requisite: CH 201. Also cross-listed as CH 440. Usually taught in the fall semester.
 
BLY 441 Biochemistry II 3 cr
Course is sequential to Biochemistry I and focuses on reactions and regulation of intermediary metabolism; molecular genetics, hormonal action, and nutrition. Pre-requisite: BLY 440. Requires special permission. Also cross-listed as CH 441. Usually taught in the spring semester.
 
BLY 443 Laboratory Studies in Biochemistry 3 cr
Course familiarizes the student with basic laboratory techniques commonly employed in biochemical research. Pre-requisite: BLY 440 or concurrent enrollment in BLY 441. Requires special permission. Also cross-listed as CH 443. Fee.
 
BLY 450 Animal Behavior 4 cr
Introductory animal behavior from a biological viewpoint, emphasizing behavioral adaptation of animals to their environment. Orientation, migration, rhythms, communication, territoriality, experimental techniques, and ecological and evolutionary aspects of behavior will be considered. Usually taught in the spring semester.
 
BLY 451** Marine Vertebrate Zoology 4 cr
A study of marine vertebrates, with emphasis on fishes; their systematics, zoogeography, and ecology. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 455 Ornithology (W) 4 cr
Principles of classification, structure, distribution, migration natural history, and adaptions of birds within an ecological context. Field and laboratory identification of birds by habitat, size, form, color, and sound. Some field activities may occur at times other than regularly scheduled laboratory hours. Usually taught in alternate spring semester.
 
BLY 459 General Parasitology 4 cr
Principles of parasitology and a survey of all major parasitic groups. Usually taught in the fall semester.
 
BLY 463 Vertebrate Histology 4 cr
Microscopic anatomy of organ systems, with emphasis on human tissues.
 
BLY 466** Introduction To Neurobiology 3 cr
Neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of marine invertebrates and vertebrates. Topics include resting and action potentials, synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters, sensory transduction, muscle innervation, sensorimotor transformations, and the neurophysiological basis of behavior. Usually taught in summer semester.
 
BLY 468** Coral Reef Ecology 4 cr
Ecology and evolution of coral reef, seagrass, and mangrove communities. An additional assessment will cover transportation, meals, and lodging for a one-week field trip to Andros Island, Bahamas. Updated information at http://www.disl.org. Pre-requisite: Ecology. Usually taught in summer semester.
 
BLY 470 Herpetology 4 cr
A field course that emphasizes the ecology, evolution, natural history, characteristics, structure, function, geographic distribution, behavior, and systematics of amphibians and reptiles. Course includes structured writing assignments and focuses on good writing skills and forms. Laboratory and field work emphasize identification of specimens by name, habit, and characteristics. Some field activities will occur at time other than the scheduled laboratory hours.
 
BLY 471** Marine Invertebrate Zoology 4 cr
A study of the natural history, systematics, and morphology of marine invertebrates. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 472** Marine Behavioral Ecology 4 cr
The ecological and evolutionary significance of animal behaviors in the marine environment. Exercises will include analysis of data collected from laboratory and field experiments. Statistics recommended. Usually taught in summer semester.
     
BLY 474** Introduction to Oceanography 4 cr
A general introduction to the oceans, with emphasis on chemical, physical, and geological processes, and their relation to biological systems.
 
BLY 475** Marine Ecology 4 cr
The relationship of marine organisms to their environment. Usually taught in the summer semester.
 
BLY 483** Field Marine Science 1-4 cr
The Field Marine Science course consists of a 10-day field exercise in the tropical southeastern Gulf of Mexico (Florida Keys) and the temperate north Atlantic. Sites alternate annually. Faculty members with diverse interests accompany the students, participate in pretrip readings and discussion sessions and evaluate the product developed by each student. Pre-requisites: Senior or graduate standing in a major related to marine sciences and permission of the instructor.
 
BLY 484 Conservation Biology 3 cr
The study of preserving biodiversity and sustaining ecosystems using a multidisciplinary approach. Primary emphasis will focus on the development of strategies for preservation and management using scientific principles and theory.
 
BLY 485 Evolutionary Biology 3 cr
The study of mechanisms and historical patterns of evolutionary change in biological systems ranging from genes to phylogeny.
 
BLY 490 Special Topics 1-4 cr
Small, interested groups of students will study specialized topics not generally listed in the course offerings. Faculty and visiting professors will offer courses in their areas of specialization. Pre-requisite: Permission of the department.
 
BLY 494 Directed Studies 1-4 cr
This course is designed to enable the capable student to pursue independent research under the direction of a member of the faculty. Pre-requisite: Permission of the department chair.
 
BLY 499 Honors Research in Biology (W) 1-6 cr
Experience in planning, conducting, and reporting a research project under the direction of the faculty. Pre-requisites: BLY 121/BLY 122, CH131/CH 132, overall GPA 3.0, biology GPA 3.5, and permission of the department chair.
 
BLY 511 Developmental Biology 3 cr
The genetic and biochemical interactions present in the early embryonic development of higher organisms. Emphasis on animal development. Pre-requisites: BLY 301, BLY 363.
 
BLY 515 Ecotoxicology 4 cr
The impact of chemicals as toxic agents on ecosystems. Students will understand types, sources, and effects of environmental toxicants, methods of testing and interpretation, and regulation of environmental toxicants. This material will be presented in the context of ecosystem health rather than human health. This is a core course for M.S. degree students in the Environmental Toxicology program.
 
BLY 520 Biometry 4 cr
The application of statistical methodology, both univariate and multivariate techniques, to the solution of biological problems. This course is not designed as a substitute for instruction in statistics, but rather to complement previous course work. The laboratory will involve the use of PC computers to perform procedures on biological data and subsequent interpretation of the results. Pre-requisites: ST 210, BLY 121, BLY 122, ONE 300 level course. Pre-requisites can be waived at the discretion of the instructor.
 
BLY 525 Chemical Ecology 3 cr
Chemical Ecology focuses on chemically mediated interactions within organisms in both aquatic and terrestrial environments. The topics covered include: chemoreception, chemical defense, chemical attraction, and the impact of chemical ecology on humans. This course includes a writing component. Students will gain experience in critical analysis, research development, grant writing and computer based presentation. Pre-requisites: BLY 301, BLY 303, or CH 201.
 
BLY 526 Freshwater Ecology 3 cr
This course examines four aspects of freshwater ecology; physical and chemical properties of water, biotic communities, links among freshwater systems, and human influence on freshwater ecosystems. Students will be required to submit a collection of local freshwater invertebrates. Pre-requisite: Ecology This Pre-requisite may be waived at the discretion of the instructor. Taught every second fall semester.
 
BLY 530** Marine Microbial Ecology 3 cr
A general survey of the types of microorganisms found in the marine environment. Emphasis will be on the interaction of microorganisms with each other and with their environment. In particular, the role of microorganisms in carbon cycling and biogeochemical processes will be stressed. Readings from current literature will expose students to the latest techniques and research. Cross listed with Marine Sciences.
 
BLY 533 Topics in Parasitology 3 cr
Theoretical aspects of parasite ecology, evolution, and physiology, with emphasis on topics appearing in the current literature.
 
BLY 534 Plant Physiological Ecology 3 cr
This course explores how plants function in their environment, and encompasses plant physiology, plant-animal interactions, as well as principles of plant ecology and evolution.
     
BLY 535/435 Biology of Fungi (Mycology) 4 cr
Identification and morphology of fungi with some emphasis on their relation to human affairs. Collection required. Credit for both BLY 535 and BLY 435 is not allowed.
 
BLY 540/440 Biochemistry I 3 cr
Principles of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and nucleotide chemistry; membrane phenomena; enzyme kinetics and bioenergetics. Pre-requisite: one year of organic chemistry. Credit for both BLY 540 and BLY 440 is not allowed.
 
BLY 541/441 Biochemistry II 3 cr
Sequential to Biochemistry I and focuses on reactions and regulation of intermediary metabolism; molecular genetics, hormonal action, and nutrition. Pre-requisite: BLY 540 or BLY 440. Credit for both BLY 541 and BLY 441 is not allowed.
 
BLY 543/443 Laboratory Studies in Biochemistry 3 cr
Familiarizes the student with basic laboratory techniques commonly employed in biochemical research. Pre-requisite: BLY 541. Credit for both BLY 543 and BLY 443 is not allowed.
 
BLY 550 Animal Behavior 4 cr
This course will examine animal behavior from a biological and empirical viewpoint, with an emphasis on behavioral adaptations of animals to their environment. Orientation, migration, rhythms, communication, territoriality, social and courtship behaviors will be considered within the context of ecology and evolution. Credit for both BLY 450 and BLY 550 is not allowed.
 
BLY 554 Advanced Entomology 4 cr
This course emphasizes form, function, classification, behavior, taxonomy and evolution of insects. In addition, the student is required to make an insect collection of adult and immature insects. Taught every second semester.
 
BLY 570/470 Herpetology 4 cr
A field course that emphasizes the ecology, evolution, natural history, characteristics, structure, function, geographic distribution, behavior, and systematics of amphibians and reptiles. Course includes structured writing assignments and focuses on good writing skills and forms. Laboratory and field work emphasize identification of specimens by name, habit, and characteristics. Some field activities will occur at time other than the scheduled laboratory hours. Oral classroom presentations required.
 
BLY 583/483** Field Marine Science 1-4 cr
An 8-12 day field exercise in representative coastal sites. The field exercise is conducted in the break prior to the semester of registration for the course. Faculty members with diverse interests will accompany the students, participate in pretrip discussions and evaluate the product developed by each student. Designed to familiarize students with habitats and research conditions different from those they experience on the Northern Gulf Coast. Field trip locations selected on the basis of faculty/student interest, economics, and availability of logistical support. Students pay their room and board costs for the field exercise. Primarily for graduate students, but advanced undergraduates may enroll with consent of instructor. BLY 483/BLY 583 may be taken for credit when taught in a different environment.
 
BLY 585 Evolutionary Biology 3 cr
The study of mechanisms and historical patterns of evolutionary change in biological systems ranging from genes to phylogeny.
 
BLY 590 Special Topics 1-4 cr
Specialized topics not generally listed in the course offerings.
 
BLY 592 Seminar 1 cr
Recent research in areas of special academic interest to students and faculty.
 
BLY 594 Directed Studies 1-4 cr
Independent research under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty. Primarily intended for non-thesis graduate students. A maximum of six credits may be granted for this course. Special permission must be granted.
 
BLY 599 Thesis 1-4 cr
Pre-requisite: Approval of research prospectus by student's graduate committee.
 
*Course not counted toward a major in biology.
**Course is usually offered at Sea Lab, Dauphin Island.
 

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